The Influence of Social Capital and Human Capital on Food Security in Karangpatihan Village, Indonesia


  • Nikita Rahma Miranti Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
  • Dian Dinanti Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
  • Umair Zahid University of Agriculture, Pakistan
  • Reesha Khan University of Narowal, Pakistan
  • Wildan Suhartini Debrecen University, Hungary



Social capital, Human capital, Food security, Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)


Agriculture is vital to food security because it provides food, clothing, and shelter. Based on the 2022 Indonesian Food Security Index (IKP), Ponorogo Regency is ranked 19th out of 416 districts throughout Indonesia, with a food security score of 86.20. However, there will be a decline in rice production in Ponorogo Regency in 2022. It will, of course, impact the condition of food security in villages, one of which is Karangpatihan Village. Social capital is a fundamental aspect of creating sustainable agricultural development. This concept refers to the beliefs, networks, values, and norms facilitating cooperation and collective action to achieve common goals. The strong trust between farmers is vital to fostering cooperation and strengthening their social networks. A good social network reflects mutually agreed-upon norms for establishing relationships and interacting. This research aims to identify the influence of farmers' social and human capital in supporting food security in Karangpatihan Village. Research data was obtained based on questionnaires from 250 farmers in Karangpatihan Village. The analysis used is structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis, which is used to identify the influence between variables. Based on SEM analysis, there is a positive direct relationship between social capital and food security variables. Meanwhile, the direct relationship between human capital and food security variables is negative.


S. E. Derdera and G. S. Ogato, “Towards integrated, and sustainable municipal solid waste management system in Shashemane city administration, Ethiopia,” Heliyon, vol. 9, no. 11, p. e21865, 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e21865.

T. Kumari and A. S. Raghubanshi, “Waste management practices in the developing nations: challenges and opportunities,” Waste Manag. Resour. Recycl. Dev. World, no. October 2022, pp. 773–797, 2023, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-323-90463-6.00017-8.

O. Timofei, “EFFICIENT WASTE MANAGEMENT : ECONOMIC ASPECTS,” Mest J., no. July, pp. 207–216, 2022, doi: 10.12709/mest.

A. Ranjbar, S. Nasri, M. Fatemi, and S. Ghazinoory, “A systematic approach toward waste management: Problem-oriented Innovation System (PIS),” Technol. Anal. Strateg. Manag., pp. 1–17, 2023, doi: 10.1080/09537325.2023.2225654.

C. Meidiana, T. A. Kurniawan, A. Yudono, and S. Surjono, “Community-Based Waste Management Model in Optimizing Waste Reduction,” IGI Glob., pp. 98–113, 2022, doi: 10.4018/978-1-7998-9190-1.ch006.

T. Sekito, T. B. Prayogo, Y. Dote, T. Yoshitake, and I. Bagus, “Resources , Conservation and Recycling Influence of a community-based waste management system on people ’ s behavior and waste reduction,” "Resources, Conserv. Recycl., vol. 72, pp. 84–90, 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2013.01.001.

A. P. Salinger et al., “‘ People are now working together for a common good ’ : The effect on social capital of participatory design for community-level sanitation infrastructure in urban informal settlements,” World Dev., vol. 174, no. November 2023, 2024, doi: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2023.106449.

S. Nickel and O. Von, “Effectiveness of Community ‑ Based Health Promotion Interventions in Urban Areas : A Systematic Review,” J. Community Health, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 419–434, 2020, doi: 10.1007/s10900-019-00733-7.

M. M. Bishnoi, A. Verma, A. Kushwaha, and S. Goswami, Social factors influencing household waste management. Elsevier Inc., 2021. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-323-85403-0.00008-6.

M. Hänninen, “Recycling on the local level in Thailand: influence of trust, norms and social networks,” 2018.

M. D. Lucas and Moja, “Survey Carried Out in Cosmo City , South Africa , about Recycling Practices and Local Community Perceptions on Waste Management Practices Abstract,” iMedPub J., vol. 5, pp. 3–6, 2018, doi: 10.21767/2394-9988.100068.

C. Meidiana, T. Sekito, and W. Sasongko, “Determining Factors of Community Participation in Waste Bank,” IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., vol. 940, no. 1, 2021, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/940/1/012085.

R. Thakur and S. C. Onwubu, “Household waste management behaviour amongst residents in an informal settlement in Durban , South Africa,” J. Environ. Manage., vol. 349, no. May 2023, p. 119521, 2024, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2023.119521.

T. A. Kurniawan, C. Meidiana, M. H. Dzarfan Othman, H. H. Goh, and K. W. Chew, “Strengthening waste recycling industry in Malang (Indonesia): Lessons from waste management in the era of Industry 4.0,” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 382, no. November 2022, p. 135296, 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.135296.

D. Wulandari, S. H. Utomo, and B. S. Narmaditya, “Waste Bank : Waste Management Model in Improving Local Economy,” Int. J. Energy Econ. Policy, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 36–41, 2017.

M. R. Ismiraj, A. Wulansari, Y. Setiadi, A. Pratama, and N. Mayasari, “Perceptions of Community-Based Waste Bank Operators and Customers on Its Establishment and Operationalization: Cases in Pangandaran, Indonesia,” Sustain., vol. 15, no. 14, 2023, doi: 10.3390/su151411052.

P. Awasthi, G. Chataut, and R. Khatri, “Solid waste composition and its management: A case study of Kirtipur Municipality-10,” Heliyon, vol. 9, no. 11, p. e21360, 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e21360.

I. Sabela, W. Adhaeni, A. I. Azzah, and N. Ngazizah, “Increasing Environmental Conservation and Economic Value of Waste Through Waste Bank Management,” Islam. J. Integr. Sci. Educ., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 73–82, 2022, [Online]. Available:

S. Jie, “Economic incentive in enhancing community waste separation and collection: A panel data analysis in China,” J. a Sustain. Circ. Econ., no. 2001, pp. 3–29, 2023.

S.-C. Chuah, L. Putit2, and J. K. Singh, “Assessing Residents Intention Towards Municipal Solid Waste Source Separation: A Case Study Of Malaysia,” J. Malaysian Inst. Planners, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 382–399, 2023, [Online]. Available:

Z. Cao, M. Wang, and W. Zhao, “A study of farmers’ willingness to separate domestic waste based on UTAUT model,” Adv. Econ. Manag. Res., vol. 5, no. 1, p. 60, 2023, doi: 10.56028/aemr.

T. Babazadeh, S. Ranjbaran, K. Kouzekanani, S. Abedi Nerbin, H. Heizomi, and M. E. Ramazani, “Determinants of waste separation behavior Tabriz, Iran: An application of the theory of planned behavior at health center,” Front. Environ. Sci., vol. 11, no. March, pp. 1–7, 2023, doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2023.985095.

B. Jin and W. Li, “External Factors Impacting Residents’ Participation in Waste Sorting Using NCA and fsQCA Methods on Pilot Cities in China,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 20, no. 5, 2023, doi: 10.3390/ijerph20054080.

M. Martin, I. D. Williams, and M. Clark, “Social, cultural and structural influences on household waste recycling: A case study,” Resour. Conserv. Recycl., vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 357–395, 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2005.09.005.

T. M. W. Mak, I. K. M. Yu, D. C. W. Tsang, S. C. Hsu, and C. S. Poon, “Promoting food waste recycling in the commercial and industrial sector by extending the Theory of Planned Behaviour: A Hong Kong case study,” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 204, no. 2018, pp. 1034–1043, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.09.049.

R. Xiao, Y. Zhang, X. Jiang, P. Polaczyk, Y. Ma, and B. Huang, “Alkali-activated slag supplemented with waste glass powder: Laboratory characterization, thermodynamic modelling and sustainability analysis,” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 286, p. 125554, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.125554.

K. Govindan, Y. Zhuang, and G. Chen, “Analysis of factors influencing residents’ waste sorting behavior: A case study of Shanghai,” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 349, no. July 2021, p. 131126, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.131126.

I. Ajzen, “The theory of planned behavior,” Organ. Behav. Hum. Decis. Process., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 179–211, 1991, doi: 10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T.

A. H. Pakpour, I. Mohammadi, M. Mahdi, S. Asefzadeh, and H. Pearson, “Household waste behaviours among a community sample in Iran : An application of the theory of planned behaviour,” Waste Manag., vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 980–986, 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2013.10.028.

J. Hu, K. Tang, X. Qian, F. Sun, and W. Zhou, “Behavioral change in waste separation at source in an international community: An application of the theory of planned behavior,” Waste Manag., vol. 135, no. June, pp. 397–408, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2021.09.028.

M. A. Mansournia, A. Geroldinger, S. Greenland, and G. Heinze, “Separation in Logistic Regression: Causes, Consequences, and Control,” Am. J. Epidemiol., vol. 187, no. 4, pp. 864–870, 2018, doi: 10.1093/aje/kwx299.

A. B. P. Saputra, C. Meidiana, and K. E. Sari, “Faktor yang mempengaruhi minat partisipasi masyarakat pada bank sampah pas 27 kecamatan kepanjen,” Plan. Urban Reg. Environ., vol. 12, no. 0341, pp. 261–268, 2023.

O. A. Labib, L. B. Abd Manaf, A. H. Bin Sharaai, S. S. B. M. Zaid, and M. S. Khalil, “The influence of Socio-Psychological Factors on Residents’ Willingness to Practice Sustainable Waste Handling in Dammam City, Saudi Arabia,” Sustain., vol. 15, no. 18, 2023, doi: 10.3390/su151813654.

R. A. Pratama et al., “The challenges in sustaining waste banks in Serang City : How far the circular economy can go ? The challenges in sustaining waste banks in Serang City : How far the circular economy can go ?,” IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., 2023, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/1201/1/012007.

C. Liao and H. Li, “Environmental education, knowledge, and high school students’ intention toward separation of solid waste on campus,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 16, no. 9, 2019, doi: 10.3390/ijerph16091659.

S. Barr, Factors influencing environmental attitudes and behaviors: A U.K. case study of household waste management, vol. 39, no. 4. 2007. doi: 10.1177/0013916505283421.

S. Mulat, W. Worku, and A. Minyihun, “Willingness to pay for improved solid waste management and associated factors among households in Injibara town , Northwest,” BMC Res. Notes, pp. 1–6, 2019, doi: 10.1186/s13104-019-4433-7.

W. Singhirunnusorn, K. Donlakorn, and W. Kaewhanin, “Contextual Factors Influencing Household Recycling Behaviours: A Case of Waste Bank Project in Mahasarakham Municipality,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 36, no. June 2011, pp. 688–697, 2012, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.03.075.

P. Sujarweni, V. W., & Endrayanto, “Statistika Untuk Penelitian,” Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu., 2012.

I. Syaiful, F. L., & Hayati, “Inovasi Pengolahan Sampah Plastik Menjadi Produk Dan Jasa Kreatif Di Kenagarian Kinali Kabupaten Pasaman Barat. Jurnal Hilirisasi Ipteks,” no. 4(4), pp. 233–240, 2021.

I. W. Widiarti, “Pengelolaan Sampah Berbasis ‘Zero Waste’ Skala Rumah Tangga Secara Mandiri.,” Yogyakarta Univ. Pembang. “Veteran”., 2012.

J. D. M. Nixon, H., & Saphores, “Information and the decision to recycle: results from a survey of US households,” J. Environ. Plan. Manag., pp. 257–277, 2009.

S. Barr, “Factors influencing environmental attitudes and behaviors: A UK case study of household waste management. Environment and behavior,” no. 39(4), pp. 435–473, 2007.




How to Cite

N. R. Miranti, D. Dinanti, U. Zahid, R. Khan, and W. Suhartini, “The Influence of Social Capital and Human Capital on Food Security in Karangpatihan Village, Indonesia”, CIVENSE, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 81–94, Apr. 2024.